As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):
án Old Icelandic word can mean:
- prep. without;
- 1) with gen.; þess máttu Gautar illa án vera, they could not well do without it; án allrar vægðar, without any mercy;
- 2) with dat.; án e-s ráði, without (against) his will; án afláti, incessantly;
- 3) with acc.; án alla flærð, without any deceit; án leyfi, without leave.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚾ