Aka

Old Icelandic Dictionary - aka

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "aka" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

aka Old Icelandic word can mean:

aka
(ek, ók, ókum, ekinn), v.
aka
1) to drive (a vehicle or animal drawing a vehicle), with dat.: gott er heilum vagni heim at a., it is good to get home safe and sound; a. þrennum eykjum, with three yoke of horses;
aka
2) to carry or convey in a vehicle, to cart, with dat. or acc. (hann ók heyjum sínum á yxnum; hann ók skarni á hóla); a. saman hey, to cart hay; líkin váru ekin í sleða, carried in a sledge;
aka
3) with the prep. í or á; Freyr ók í kerru með gelti; ríðr Þ. hesti þeim, er hann hafði ekit á;
aka
4) absol., to drive in a vehicle (fóru þeir í sleðann ok óku alla nóttina); with acc. of the road (óku úrgar brautir);
aka
5) naut., to trim the sail (~ seglum at endilöngum skipum);
aka
6) to remove, with dat.; ók hann af sér fjötrinum, worked it off by rubbing; ók Oddr sér þar at, worked himself thither (of a fettered prisoner); a. e-m á bug or a. bug;á e-n, to make one give way, repel; intrans. = ‘akast’, to move slowly; hvárrgi ók (gave way) fyrir oðrum; a. undan, to retire, retreat;
aka
7) impers., hart ekr at e-m, one is in great straits; ekr nú mjók at, I am hard pressed; e-m verðr nær ekit, one gets into straits, is hard pressed;
aka
refl., e-m ekst e-t í tauma, one is thwarted in a thing.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛅᚴᛅ

Abbreviations used:

dat.
dative.
acc.
accusative.
absol.
absolute, absolutely.
e-m
einhverjum.
impers.
impersonal.
e-t
eitthvat.
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