Bak

Old Icelandic Dictionary - bak

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "bak" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

bak Old Icelandic word can mean:

bak
n.
bak
1) back (binda bagga á ~ sér);
bak
fig. bera sök á ~i, to be guilty;
bak
leggja bleyðiorð á ~ e-m, to charge one with being a coward;
bak
hafa marga vetr á ~i, to be advanced in years;
bak
snúa ~i við, to turn the back, flee;
bak
ganga á ~ heitum, orðum, to go back on one’s word;
bak
2) = hest~;
bak
fara á ~, to mount;
bak
fara, stíga, spretta af ~i, to dismount;
bak
3) the backside of a thing (cf. handar~, hurðar~, hús~);
bak
á ~i húsunum, at the back of the houses;
bak
gøra e-t á ~i e-m, in one’s absence, behind one’s back;
bak
ríða at ~i e-m, behind him on the same horse;
bak
berr er hverr at ~i nema sér bróður eigi, bare is one’s back without a brother behind it;
bak
á ~,
bak
a) behind;
bak
koma á ~ e-m, to attack in the rear;
bak
b) after;
bak
á ~ jólum, after Christmas;
bak
hvat sem á ~ kemr, whatever may come after or follow;
bak
c) absol., falla á ~ aptr, to fall backwards;
bak
brjóta á ~ orð e-s, to refute, make them null and void;
bak
brjóta á ~ Rómverja, to defeat them.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛅᚴ

Abbreviations used:

n.
neuter.
e-m
einhverjum.
f.
feminine.
e-t
eitthvat.
absol.
absolute, absolutely.
e-s
einhvers.
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