Berja

Old Icelandic Dictionary - berja

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "berja" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

berja Old Icelandic word can mean:

berja
(ber; barða, börðum; barðr, bariðr), v.
berja
1) to beat, strike, smite (~ e-n);
berja
hár svá fagrt sem barit gull, as beaten gold;
berja
~ korn af hálmi, to thresh;
berja
~ húð af e-m, to scourge severely;
berja
~ e-n grjóti, to stone (= grýta);
berja
~ e-n illyrðum, ávítum, to abuse, reproach one;
berja
~ á e-m, to attack one with blows, give one a thrashing;
berja
~ á hurð, dyrr, at hurðu, at dyrum, to knock, rap at a door;
berja
~ sér á brjóst, to smite one’s breast (in repentance);
berja
~ til e-s = ~ á e-m;
berja
~ e-n til e-s, to drive one with blows to do a thing (verða barðr til bœkr);
berja
2) with dat., ~ grjóti í andlit e-m, to throw stones in one’s face;
berja
~ saman vápnum, skjöldum, to dash weapons, shields against each other;
berja
~ (to neglect, slight) guðs boðum;
berja
~ e-u niðr (opp. to ljósta e-u upp), to hush up;
berja
3) intrans., hjarta hans barði (beat, throbbed) undir síðunni;
berja
4) impers., skýjagrjóti barði í augu þeim, hailstones dashed in their eyes;
berja
þeim barði saman, they dashed against each other;
berja
5) refl., ~st.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛁᚱᛁᛅ

Abbreviations used:

e-m
einhverjum.
e-s
einhvers.
dat.
dative.
e-u
einhverju.
impers.
impersonal.
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