Biðja

Old Icelandic Dictionary - biðja

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "biðja" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

biðja Old Icelandic word can mean:

biðja
(bið; bað, báðum; beðinn), v.
biðja
1) to ask, beg a thing of one (~ e-n e-s);
biðja
with infin., to beg one to do a thing;
biðja
inn bið þú hann ganga, ask him to step in;
biðja
with the infin. sign ‘at’, to beg leave;
biðja
biðr hann at fara norðr á Hálogaland, asked for furlough to go to H.;
biðja
with ‘at’ and a subj. (~ viljum vér, at þú sér í liðsbóninni með oss);
biðja
~ e-s, to beg for a thing (~ miskunnar, matar);
biðja
~ e-m e-s, to beg for a thing on behalf of one;
biðja
~ e-m lífs, griða, to beg for one’s life, to sue for quarter for another;
biðja
~ sér ölmusu, to ask for alms;
biðja
~ (sér) konu, to ask in marriage;
biðja
~ fyrir e-m, to intercede (pray) for one;
biðja
2) to pray to God (~ til guðs);
biðja
~ bœn sína (bœnar sinnar, bœn sinni), to say one’s prayer;
biðja
3) refl., ~st fyrir, to say one’s prayers;
biðja
~st undan, to excuse oneself (from doing a thing).

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᛁᚦᛁᛅ

Abbreviations used:

e-s
einhvers.
n.
neuter.
subj.
subjunctive.
e-m
einhverjum.
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