Brenna

Old Icelandic Dictionary - brenna

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "brenna" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

brenna Old Icelandic word can mean:

brenna
I)
brenna
(brenn; brann, brunnum; brunninn), v.
brenna
1) to burn with a flame (logi, ljós, eldr, kerti brennr);
brenna
2) to be consumed by fire (á Flugumýri brann fé mikit);
brenna
nú breðr (= brennr) víðara en hann vildi, the fire spreads wider than he wished;
brenna
~ inni, to perish by fire;
brenna
~ upp, to be burnt up (á þeiri nátt brann upp allt Danavirki);
brenna
hlutr e-s brennr við, one gets the worst of it;
brenna
brann brátt þeirra hlutr við, it soon grew too hot for them;
brenna
rautt mun fyrir ~, mun nökkut fyrir ~, things will brighten up or improve.
brenna
II)
brenna
(-da, -dr), v.
brenna
1) to burn (~ bál);
brenna
2) to destroy by fire (~ bœ, hof, skip at köldum kolum);
brenna
~ e-n inni, to burn one to death in his house;
brenna
~ e-t upp, to burn up;
brenna
3) to cauterize (as a surgical operation);
brenna
~ e-n við bölvi, to burn one to cure his malady;
brenna
~ e-m díla, to burn spots on one’s back; fig. to brand one’s back;
brenna
~ e-m illan díla, to inflict a severe injury upon one;
brenna
4) to produce by burning (~ e-t til líms);
brenna
~ kol, to burn wood for charcoal;
brenna
~ salt, to produce salt by burning (sea-weed);
brenna
5) to purify (silver or gold) by burning;
brenna
brent silfr, pure silver (eyrir brendr, mörk brend).
brenna
III)
brenna
f. the burning of a house or person (þá er ~ var á Flugumýri; Njáls ~).

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚱᛁᚾᚾᛅ

Abbreviations used:

e-s
einhvers.
e-t
eitthvat.
e-m
einhverjum.
f.
feminine.
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