Byggja

Old Icelandic Dictionary - byggja

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "byggja" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

byggja Old Icelandic word can mean:

byggja
I)
byggja
(-ða, -ðr), v., older form byggva;
byggja
1) to settle in a place, as colonist; sumar þat, er þeir Ingólfr fóru at ~ Ísland, when I went out to settle in Iceland; Ingólfr bygði fyrstr landit, was the first settler; absol., Helgi bygði norðr í Eyjafirði, settled in E.;
byggja
2) to people (eptir Nóaflóð lifðu átta menn, er bygðu heiminn) Ísland bygðist (was peopled) ór Norvegi;
byggja
3) to inhabit, live in a country (þá er landit hafði sex tigi vetra bygt verit); þess get ek, at menn byggi húsit, that the house is inhabited; ~ bœ, to settle on a farm (hann bygði bœ þann er í Eyju heitir); absol., kona, er bygði (lived) í einum afdal; hvar byggir þú, where dwellest thou?;
byggja
4) to dwell in, occupy (~ höll, helli); ~ eina sæng, to share the same bed (of a niarried couple; also absol., ~ með erri); bygði hann í skipuin, he dwelt (lived) in ships.
byggja
II)
byggja
(-ða, -ðr), v.
byggja
1) to let out (konungr má ~ almenning hverjum sem hann vill); nú byggir maðr dýrra (lets out at a higher rent) en vandi hefir á verit;
byggja
2) to lend money at interest (engi skal ~ dautt fé á leigu); Hrútr bygði allt féit, H. put all the money out at interest;
byggja
3) ~ frændsemi, sifjar, to enter into a marriage with a relation or one allied by by marriage (in such or such degree); þat var bannat at ~ svá náit at frændsemi, intermarriage between so near relations was forbidden.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛒᚢᚴᚴᛁᛅ

Abbreviations used:

absol.
absolute, absolutely.
Back