Deila

Old Icelandic Dictionary - deila

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "deila" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

deila Old Icelandic word can mean:

deila
I)
deila
(-da, -dr), v.
deila
1) to divide into parts;
deila
sú á, er deilir með jötna sonum grund ok með goðum, that river which parts the giants and the gods;
deila
alit þat land, er vatnsföll ~ til sjófar, of which the rivers form the boundaries down to the sea;
deila
vildi H. bæði kjósa ok ~, H. would both choose and deal (viz. divide the catch in shares and choose for himself the share he liked best);
deila
láta en kjósa ok ~, to give one an arbitrary power in a case;
deila
with dat. (hversu má keisarinn ~ sér í tvá staði);
deila
2) to deal out, apportion, allot;
deila
deildr hlutr, a share allotted to one;
deila
~ dögurð, mat á málum, to deal out portions of food in a household;
deila
~ víg með verum, to deal victory fairly among men;
deila
3) to distinguish, discern, = greina;
deila
eptir þat sá sól ok mátti þá ~ ættir, they could then discern the quarters of heaven;
deila
~ liti, to discern colours;
deila
eigi deilir litr kosti (acc. pl.), colour is no sure test of the quality;
deila
4) to busy or occupy oneself with, deal with (engi maðr á önnur mál at ~ í kirkju, nema biðja fyrir sér);
deila
hann við Ríg rúnar deildi, he capped ritnes (spells) with R.;
deila
~ orðspeki við e-n, to contend in learning with one;
deila
þótt hringbrotar heiptir deili, though men hate one another;
deila
~ kníf ok kjötstykki, to share knife and meat;
deila
5) ~ við e-n, to quarrel with one (~ við heimska hali);
deila
deili gröm við þik, may the fiends bandy words with thee;
deila
~ um e-t, to quarrel, contest about;
deila
þeir deildu um (they have a lawsuit about) jarðir;
deila
~ á e-n, to contend against one;
deila
~ illyrðum, illdeildum, to chide, abuse one another;
deila
~ afli, ofríki, við e-n, to deal harshly and overbearingly with one;
deila
impers., ef í þat deilir, if there be dissent on that point;
deila
ef í deilir með þeim, if they disagree;
deila
6) to be master of, possess (~ bauga, fé);
deila
hug skaltu ~, thou shalt control thy mind (feelings);
deila
þar er munuð deilir, when love is concerned, in a matter of love;
deila
7) refl., ~st, to spread, branch off (svá viða sem kristni deilist um heim);
deila
meðan mér deilist lífit til, as long, as life is granted me;
deila
~st at e-u, to disagree about a thing.
deila
II)
deila
f. disagreement, contest;
deila
eiga, halda, deilu við e-n, to quarrel or contend with one.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᛁᛁᛚᛅ

Abbreviations used:

dat.
dative.
acc.
accusative.
pl.
plural.
e-t
eitthvat.
impers.
impersonal.
e-u
einhverju.
f.
feminine.
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