Drepa

Old Icelandic Dictionary - drepa

Meaning of Old Icelandic word "drepa" in English.

As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):

drepa Old Icelandic word can mean:

drepa
(drep; drap, drápum; drepinn), v.
drepa
I. with acc. or absol.;
drepa
1) to stike, beat, knock;
drepa
~ e-n vendi, to strike one with a rod;
drepa
hann tók hörpu sína ok drap strengi (struck the strings) til sláttar; ~ járn, to hammer iron;
drepa
~ or ~ högg á dyrr, to knock at the door;
drepa
~ botn úr keraldi, to knock the bottom out of a tub;
drepa
at eigi drepir þú mik í dúp, that you knock me not into the deep;
drepa
~ í hel, í dauða, til heljar, to smite to death;
drepa
2) to kill, slay (skulu vér nú fara at honum ok ~ hann);
drepa
3) in a game of chess, to take a piece (þá drap jarl af honum riddara);
drepa
4) to produce by a blow or blows;
drepa
~ eld, to strike, fire (= ~ upp eld);
drepa
~ slóð, to make a trail (drápu kyrtlarnir döggslóðina);
drepa
5) with prep., ~ af, to kill, slaughter (cattle);
drepa
~ niðr, to kill off (þótt hirðmenn þínir sé drepnir niðr sem svn);
drepa
~ sik ór dróma, to get rid of (throw off) a fetter;
drepa
~ til e-s, to strike, hit, at one;
drepa
~ e-t undir sik, to knock or drag down (skaltu standa hiá, er fjándi sá drepr mik undir sik);
drepa
~ upp eld = ~ eld;
drepa
~ e-t út, to divulge a thing;
drepa
~ yfir e-t, to hide, suppress;
drepa
drap hann brátt yfir (he soon mastered) harm sinn;
drepa
6) refl., ~st, to perish, die, esp. of cattle (fé hans drapst aldri af drephríðum);
drepa
recipr. to put one another to death (þá diepast menn fyrir ágirni sakir);
drepa
~ menn fyrir, to kill one another’s men;
drepa
7) impers., drepr honuin aldregi ský (acc.) í augu, his eyes never get clouded;
drepa
ofrkappit (acc.) drepr fyrir þeim (their high spirits break down), þegar haminjan brestr; drap þó heldr í fyrir honum, he rather grew worse, his eyes grew weaker;
drepa
nú drepr ór hljóð (acc.) fyrst ór konunginum, the king became silent at once;
drepa
þá drap stall ór hjarta hans, his heart failed;
drepa
ofan drap flaugina, the vane was knocked down;
drepa
regn (acc.) drepr í gegnum et, the rain beats through (the thatch);
drepa
II. with dat.;
drepa
1) to put, thrust;
drepa
hendi drap á kampa, he put his hand to his beard;
drepa
~ fœti (fótum) í eð, to strike (knock) one’s foot against, stumble over (drap fótunum í þrøskuldinn ok lá fallinn);
drepa
~ höfði, to droop (with) the head (Egill drap höfðin niðr í feld sinn);
drepa
~ fingri í munn sér, to put the finger into the mouth;
drepa
~ hendi til es, við em, to give one a slap with the hand;
drepa
~ hendi við e-u, to wave away with the hand to refuse a kind offer (~ hendi við boðnu gulli);
drepa
2) to tuck up the sleeves or skirts of a garment (hann hafði drepit upp skautunum);
drepa
~ hári undir belti sér, to tuck the hair under the belt (of a lady);
drepa
3) to dip, immerse;
drepa
~ skeggi (the beard) í Breiðafjörð, to be drowned in B. ~ barni I vatn, to baptize a child;
drepa
4) ~ orði, dómi á et, to talk, judge of;
drepa
~ huldu á et, to hide, keep secret;
drepa
~ e-u á dreif, see dreif; fig., ~ í egg e-u, to turn a deaf ear to;
drepa
5) spoil (~ gleði, teiti es);
drepa
~ kosti es, to destroy one’s happiness;
drepa
impers. drap þá skjótt kosti, the cheer was soon gone;
drepa
6) ~ niðr e-u, to suppress (~ niðr konungs rétti, illu orði);
drepa
~ niðr sœmd es, to drag down one’s reputation, to disparage one;
drepa
~ niðr máli, to quash a lawsuit.

Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᛏᚱᛁᛒᛅ

Abbreviations used:

absol.
absolute, absolutely.
acc.
accusative.
e-s
einhvers.
e-t
eitthvat.
esp.
especially.
impers.
impersonal.
dat.
dative.
e-u
einhverju.
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