As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):
hvaðan Old Icelandic word can mean:
- 1) whence; þóttist engi vita, h. veðr var á, whence (from what quarter) the wind blew, meðan ek veit eigi vist, h. G. hinn ríki stendr at, as long as I know not what side G. takes;
- 2) from wheresoever; h. sem, from what place or source soever; hann siglir h. sem á cr, he sails, whatever wind may blow; h. æfa, from every side (þustu þá borgarmenn h. æfa at þeim); on all sides; hann vann svá, at h. æfa vóru á honum hendrnar, he worked as if he had hands all over him.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚼᚢᛅᚦᛅᚾ
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This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages closely related to Old Icelandic.