As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):
þola Old Icelandic word can mean:
- (þolda, þolt or þolat), v.
- 1) to bear, endure, suffer (~ högg, mannraun dauða); reyna, hvárt hann þyldi járn eða eigi, to try whether he could bear iron or not; ~ hart, to suffer hardship; hversu þoldi S. í brennunni, how did S. bear the burning?;
- 2) ~ e-m e-t, to bear it at one’s hand (kann verap at þá sá nökkurir svá röskvir, at ei þoli jarli allan ósóma); ~ eigi lög, not to bear the law; eigi skal þat, ok skal ~ Snorra lög, S. shall have the benefit of the law;
- 3) to feel at rest, be still or quiet; þá œðist dýrit svá at þat þolir hvergi, so that it has no rest; fylgdi svá mikill verkr, at hann mátti hvergi kyrr þola, so great pain that he could nowhere remain quiet.
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚦᚢᛚᛅ
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This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages closely related to Old Icelandic.