As defined by A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Geir Zoëga):
þurfa Old Icelandic word can mean:
- (þarf, þurfta, þurft), v.
- 1) to need, want (ekki þarft þú at ganga í hús mín); with gen., ~ e-s, or ~ e-s við, to stand in need of (ek þyrfta nú guðs miskunnar); Gunnarr kvað einskis mundu við ~, G. said there was no need of anything;
- 2) impers., þess þarf (við), it is needed; þess þyrfti, at, it would be necessary that; with acc. (hversu marga munu vér menn ~); ekki var sá leikr, er nökkurr þyrfti við hann at reyna, it was no use for anybody to strive with him in any game.
- a. wanting, in need of (liðs þíns væra ek þá ~).
Possible runic inscription in Younger Futhark:ᚦᚢᚱᚠᛅ
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This headword also appears in dictionaries of other languages closely related to Old Icelandic.